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Defined by Washington State code as an act or a failure to act, or the cumulative effects of a pattern of conduct, behavior, or inaction that constitutes a clear and present danger to a child's health, welfare, or safety, Neglect is also referred to as negligent treatment or maltreatment When considering whether a clear and present danger exists, evidence of a parent's substance abuse as a contributing factor to negligent treatment or maltreatment must be given great weight. Poverty, homelessness, or exposure to domestic violence that is perpetrated against someone other than the child does not constitute negligent treatment or maltreatment in and of itself. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Child Welfare Gateway Information) defines neglect as the failure to provide for a child's basic needs. Neglect can be physical, educational, or emotional. Physical neglect can include not providing adequate food or clothing, appropriate medical care, supervision, or proper weather protection (from heat or cold). Educational neglect includes failure to provide appropriate schooling, failure to address special educational needs, or allowing excessive truancies. Psychological neglect includes the lack of any emotional support and love, chronic inattention to the child, exposure to spousal, drug, or alcohol abuse.